A gene expression signature associated with survival in metastatic melanoma.

Published online

Journal Article

BACKGROUND: Current clinical and histopathological criteria used to define the prognosis of melanoma patients are inadequate for accurate prediction of clinical outcome. We investigated whether genome screening by means of high-throughput gene microarray might provide clinically useful information on patient survival. METHODS: Forty-three tumor tissues from 38 patients with stage III and stage IV melanoma were profiled with a 17,500 element cDNA microarray. Expression data were analyzed using significance analysis of microarrays (SAM) to identify genes associated with patient survival, and supervised principal components (SPC) to determine survival prediction. RESULTS: SAM analysis revealed a set of 80 probes, corresponding to 70 genes, associated with survival, i.e. 45 probes characterizing longer and 35 shorter survival times, respectively. These transcripts were included in a survival prediction model designed using SPC and cross-validation which allowed identifying 30 predicting probes out of the 80 associated with survival. CONCLUSION: The longer-survival group of genes included those expressed in immune cells, both innate and acquired, confirming the interplay between immunological mechanisms and the natural history of melanoma. Genes linked to immune cells were totally lacking in the poor-survival group, which was instead associated with a number of genes related to highly proliferative and invasive tumor cells.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Mandruzzato, S; Callegaro, A; Turcatel, G; Francescato, S; Montesco, MC; Chiarion-Sileni, V; Mocellin, S; Rossi, CR; Bicciato, S; Wang, E; Marincola, FM; Zanovello, P

Published Date

  • November 27, 2006

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 4 /

Start / End Page

  • 50 -

PubMed ID

  • 17129373

Pubmed Central ID

  • 17129373

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1479-5876

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1186/1479-5876-4-50

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • England