Enzyme colorimetric assay using unmodified silver nanoparticles.
Colorimetric assay based on the unique surface plasmon resonance properties of metallic nanoparticles has received considerable attention in bioassay due to its simplicity, high sensitivity, and low cost. Most of colorimetric methods previously reported employed gold nanoparticles (GNPs) as sensing elements. In this work, we develop a sensitive, selective, simple, and label-free colorimetric assay using unmodified silver nanoparticle (AgNP) probes to detect enzymatic reactions. Enzymatic reactions concerning adenosine triphosphate (ATP) dephosphorylation by calf intestine alkaline phosphatase (CIAP) and peptide phosphorylation by protein kinase A (PKA) were studied. In the absence of the enzymes, unreacted ATP could protect AgNPs from salt-induced aggregation, whereas in the presence of the enzymes, the reaction product of ATP (i.e., adenosine for CIAP and ADP for PKA) could not. Via our method, dephosphorylation and phosphorylation could be readily detected by the color change of AgNPs, with a detection limit of 1 unit/mL for CIAP and a detection limit of 0.022 unit/mL for PKA. More importantly, the enzymatic inhibition by inhibitors and enzymatic activity in complex biological fluids could also be realized. This work is an important step toward a colorimetric assay using AgNPs and might provide a promise for enzyme assay in realistically complex systems and for screening of different enzyme inhibitors in future.
Wei, H; Chen, C; Han, B; Wang, E
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