Sphingosine-1-phosphate signaling regulates lamellipodia localization of cortactin complexes in endothelial cells.
Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P), a serum-borne lipid mediator, was demonstrated to be a potent chemoattractant of endothelial cells. It was recently shown that the colocalization of cortactin and actin related protein 2/3 (Arp2/3) in the lamellipodia is critical to S1P-induced endothelial chemotaxis. In this report, we describe that S1P-stimulated cortactin translocation to the cell periphery to form lamellipodia is specifically mediated by the endothelial S1P1 G-protein coupled receptor, and is regulated by G(i)-mediated Akt-dependent S1P1 receptor phosphorylation and Cdc42/Rac activation pathways. In contrast to Src-dependent fibroblast growth factor-induced cortactin translocation, tyrosine phosphorylation cascades are not required for S1P-mediated lamellipodia formation and chemotaxis. Furthermore, we also demonstrate that S1P signaling, via the G(i)/Akt/S1P1 phosphorylation/Rac pathway, regulates the cortactin-Arp2/3 complex formation, which ultimately results in membrane ruffling, formation of the lamellipodia and endothelial migration.
Lee, J-F; Ozaki, H; Zhan, X; Wang, E; Hla, T; Lee, M-J
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