Blood flow distribution in sorbent beds: analysis of a new sorbent device for hemoperfusion.

Published

Journal Article

A new polymer-based sorbent cartridge has been recently developed for enhancing middle molecule removal during hemodialysis. The cartridge (Betasorb, Renaltech, New York, USA) has been designed to be placed in series with the dialyzer in the blood circuit. It is therefore important to evaluate the distribution of flow into the blood compartment of the device in order to assess if the surface of the sorbent is utilized to the best. For this purpose, a special imaging technique was utilized. Cartridges were analyzed during a simulated in vitro circulation at 250 and 350 ml/min of blood flow and 25% and 40% hematocrit. Cartridges were placed in vertical position and a cross longitudinal section 1 cm thick was analyzed in sequence by a helical scanner. Dye was injected into the arterial inlet and the progressive distribution was evaluated by sequential densitometrical measures carried out automatically by the machine. The sequential images analyzed by the scanner demonstrated excellent distribution of the flow in the blood compartment with minimal difference between the central and the peripheral regions of the compartment. In particular the following flow velocity pattern could be observed under the different experimental conditions tested. We may conclude that the cartridge design is adequate and no channelling effects could be detected in the blood compartment. The flow distribution is slightly affected by changes in flow rate and hematocrit showing an optimal utilization of the available surface for molecule adsorption.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Ronco, C; Ghezzi, PM; Morris, A; Rosales, L; Wang, E; Zhu, F; Metry, G; De Simone, L; Rhamati, S; Adhikarla, R; Bashir, A; Manzoni, C; Spittle, M; Levin, NW

Published Date

  • February 2000

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 23 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 125 - 130

PubMed ID

  • 10741809

Pubmed Central ID

  • 10741809

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1724-6040

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0391-3988

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1177/039139880002300211

Language

  • eng