Safety and effectiveness of indomethacin versus ibuprofen for treatment of patent ductus arteriosus.

Published

Journal Article

We compared the rates of medical closure of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) and complications (renal dysfunction, necrotizing enterocolitis, spontaneous intestinal perforation, and intraventricular hemorrhage) between infants treated with indomethacin and infants treated with ibuprofen. We performed a retrospective comparative cohort study of infants treated with indomethacin or ibuprofen for symptomatic PDA at Duke University Medical Center between November 2005 and November 2007. We identified 65 infants who received indomethacin and 57 who received ibuprofen. The rate of survival without surgical ductal ligation was 62% (40/65) in the indomethacin group and 58% (33/57) in the ibuprofen group (p = 0.71). The rate of the composite of complications (death, necrotizing enterocolitis, or intestinal perforation) was 40% (26/65) in the indomethacin group and 32% (18/57) in the ibuprofen group (p = 0.35). There was no significant difference between groups in elevation of serum creatinine during treatment. In clinical practice, ibuprofen appears to be as effective as indomethacin for closure of patent ductus arteriosus with similar complication rates. The decision to use one agent over the other should be based on dose schedule preference and the currently published clinical trials until more safety and effectiveness data are available.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Katakam, LI; Cotten, CM; Goldberg, RN; Dang, CN; Smith, PB

Published Date

  • May 2010

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 27 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 425 - 429

PubMed ID

  • 20013605

Pubmed Central ID

  • 20013605

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1098-8785

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1055/s-0029-1243371

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States