Safety and effectiveness of indomethacin versus ibuprofen for treatment of patent ductus arteriosus.
We compared the rates of medical closure of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) and complications (renal dysfunction, necrotizing enterocolitis, spontaneous intestinal perforation, and intraventricular hemorrhage) between infants treated with indomethacin and infants treated with ibuprofen. We performed a retrospective comparative cohort study of infants treated with indomethacin or ibuprofen for symptomatic PDA at Duke University Medical Center between November 2005 and November 2007. We identified 65 infants who received indomethacin and 57 who received ibuprofen. The rate of survival without surgical ductal ligation was 62% (40/65) in the indomethacin group and 58% (33/57) in the ibuprofen group (p = 0.71). The rate of the composite of complications (death, necrotizing enterocolitis, or intestinal perforation) was 40% (26/65) in the indomethacin group and 32% (18/57) in the ibuprofen group (p = 0.35). There was no significant difference between groups in elevation of serum creatinine during treatment. In clinical practice, ibuprofen appears to be as effective as indomethacin for closure of patent ductus arteriosus with similar complication rates. The decision to use one agent over the other should be based on dose schedule preference and the currently published clinical trials until more safety and effectiveness data are available.
Katakam, LI; Cotten, CM; Goldberg, RN; Dang, CN; Smith, PB
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
Pubmed Central ID
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)