Decreased pulse pressure during hemodialysis is associated with improved 6-month outcomes.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Pulse pressure is a well established marker of vascular stiffness and is associated with increased mortality in hemodialysis patients. Here we sought to determine if a decrease in pulse pressure during hemodialysis was associated with improved outcomes using data from 438 hemodialysis patients enrolled in the 6-month Crit-Line Intradialytic Monitoring Benefit Study. The relationship between changes in pulse pressure during dialysis (2-week average) and the primary end point of non-access-related hospitalization and death were adjusted for demographics, comorbidities, medications, and laboratory variables. In the analyses that included both pre- and post-dialysis pulse pressure, higher pre-dialysis and lower post-dialysis pulse pressure were associated with a decreased hazard of the primary end point. Further, every 10 mm Hg decrease in pulse pressure during dialysis was associated with a 20% lower hazard of the primary end point. In separate models that included pulse pressure and the change in pulse pressure during dialysis, neither pre- nor post-dialysis pulse pressure were associated with the primary end point, but each 10 mm Hg decrease in pulse pressure during dialysis was associated with about a 20% lower hazard of the primary end point. Our study found that in prevalent dialysis subjects, a decrease in pulse pressure during dialysis was associated with improved outcomes. Further study is needed to identify how to control pulse pressure to improve outcomes.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Inrig, JK; Patel, UD; Toto, RD; Reddan, DN; Himmelfarb, J; Lindsay, RM; Stivelman, J; Winchester, JF; Szczech, LA

Published Date

  • November 2009

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 76 / 10

Start / End Page

  • 1098 - 1107

PubMed ID

  • 19727063

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC2872933

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1523-1755

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1038/ki.2009.340

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States