In vivo antigenic modification of tumor cells. III. Metastatic thymic lymphoma specifically infected by thymotropic retrovirus.
Tissue distribution of radiation leukemia virus (RadLV) was examined after its inoculation into normal C57BL/6J (B6) mice, B6 mice bearing a transplantable, non-virus-producing thymic lymphoma (RL12-NP), and B6 mice bearing a transplanted non-virus producing, Harvey murine sarcoma virus-transformed fibrosarcoma. Virus expression was determined by competition radioimmunoassay for murine leukemia virus (MuLV) p30 (predominant group-reactive antigen of MuLV) and for RadLV p12 (a highly type-specific MuLV polypeptide) and by membrane immunofluorescence for cell surface gp71 (predominant envelope glycoprotein of MuLV). Normal adult B6 mice were given three sequential iv injections of RadLV and were examined several times up to 200 days later for the appearance of neoplastic disease or expression of virion antigens. No clinical abnormalities were noted, and animals remained healthy for greater than 200 days. Significant levels of MuLV p30 and RadLV p12 were detected only in the thymuses. Organs and tumors from RL12-NP-inoculated animals contained low or nondetectable levels of virion antigens. Inoculation of mice with RL12-Rad, a cell line derived by in vitro infection of RL12-NP cells with RadLV, produced widespread, discrete metastatic tumors and infiltrated the lymphoid organs of B6 mice in a pattern identical to that observed after administration of RL12-NP cells. Lymphoid organs of RL12-Rad-inoculated animals expressed variable levels of virion antigens reflecting differences in the extent of tumor cell infiltration as opposed to virus spread from tumor to host cells. Administration of infectious RadLV systemically into RL12-NP tumor-bearing animals converted these tumors to viron antigen expressors with levels in superinfected tumors equivalent to those found in RL12-Rad-induced tumors. Infection was highly selective, and host tissues were minimally contaminated by the inoculated virus. Part of this selectivity was explained by the thymotropic property of RadLV. A rapidly dividing murine fibrosarcoma was not infected by RadLV, but this same non-virus-expressing tumor could be infected by common fibrotropic MuLV isolates.
Iglehart, JD; Weinhold, KJ; Huper, G; Thiel, K; Bolognesi, DP
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