Overexpression of perilipin A and B blocks the ability of tumor necrosis factor alpha to increase lipolysis in 3T3-L1 adipocytes.
Perilipins, a family of phosphoproteins, are specifically located at the surface of intracellular lipid (triacylglycerol) droplets, the site of lipolysis. Stimulation of lipolysis in 3T3-L1 adipocytes by tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) is associated with a decrease in total cellular expression of perilipin A and B, consistent with the hypothesis that a decrease in perilipin protein expression is required for TNF-alpha-induced lipolysis. Adenovirus-mediated overexpression of perilipin A or B maintains perilipin protein levels on the lipid droplet and blocks TNF-alpha-induced lipolysis. In contrast, overexpression of perilipin A or perilipin B does not inhibit isoproterenol-stimulated lipolysis and does not alter the isoproterenol-induced migration of perilipins from the lipid droplet. These results provide the first evidence of how perilipin functions and suggest that TNF-alpha regulates lipolysis, in part, by decreasing perilipin protein levels at the lipid droplet surface.
Souza, SC; de Vargas, LM; Yamamoto, MT; Lien, P; Franciosa, MD; Moss, LG; Greenberg, AS
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