Effect of neoadjuvant chemoradiation on operative mortality and morbidity for pancreaticoduodenectomy.
BACKGROUND: Neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (neo-CRT) is being used with increasing frequency for periampullary tumors, but how it alters the complication rate of pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is unclear. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted of 79 patients with periampullary malignancies who received 5-fluorouracil-based neo-CRT followed by PD. RESULTS: There was no difference in mortality between PD after neo-CRT (3.8%) and conventional PD for either malignant (4.5%) or benign (2.2%) disease. Focusing only on patients with malignancy, the neo-CRT group had a significantly lower pancreatic leak rate than the conventional group (10% vs. 43%; P < .001). Intra-abdominal abscesses were less common in the neo-CRT group (8.8% vs. 21%; P = .019), and there was one (1.2%) amylase-rich abscess in neo-CRT group, compared with eight (12%) in the conventional group. In addition, two patients in the conventional group died of leak-associated sepsis, compared with none in the neo-CRT group. Multivariate analysis revealed that neoadjuvant chemoradiation (odds ratio, .15) was the most significant factor associated with a reduced risk of pancreatic leak. CONCLUSIONS: Neo-CRT does not increase the mortality or morbidity of PD. In contrast, neo-CRT was associated with a marked reduction in the incidence of pancreatic leak, as well as leak-associated morbidity and mortality.
Cheng, T-Y; Sheth, K; White, RR; Ueno, T; Hung, C-F; Clary, BM; Pappas, TN; Tyler, DS
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