Low morbidity and mortality for bronchoplastic procedures with and without induction therapy.
BACKGROUND: The safety of bronchoplastic procedures after induction chemoradiotherapy is uncertain. This study examines short- and long-term outcomes after bronchoplastic procedures with and without induction therapy. METHODS: Between January 1997 and September 2004, more than 1,300 anatomic pulmonary resections for cancer were performed at a single institution. Of these, 73 patients required either sleeve lobectomy (57) or bronchoplasty (16), and were retrospectively analyzed. Nineteen patients (26%) received induction therapy; 15 received chemotherapy and radiation therapy and 4 received chemotherapy alone. Fifty-four patients underwent the bronchoplastic procedure without induction therapy. Mortality and early and late morbidity were analyzed. RESULTS: Mean follow-up was 25 months. Histology was nonsmall cell cancer in 62 (85%), carcinoid in 8 (11%), and renal cell cancer, schwannoma, and mucoepidermoid cancer in 1 patient each. There were 2 (2.7%) 30-day deaths, both in the group not receiving induction therapy. Of the surviving 71 patients, 70 had functional reconstructions at last follow-up. The overall 30-day complication rate was 30% (19 of 54) in patients not receiving induction therapy (no bronchopleural fistulas) and 42% (8 of 19) occurring in those receiving induction therapy (1 bronchopleural fistula). The long-term complication rate was 20% (11 of 54) among patients not receiving induction therapy and 5% (1 of 19) among those receiving induction therapy (completion pneumonectomy). There were no bronchovascular complications. Interventional bronchoscopy was required in 7 patients not receiving induction therapy, and was required in none of the patients receiving induction therapy. CONCLUSIONS: Anatomic pulmonary resections utilizing bronchoplastic techniques can be performed with low morbidity and mortality rates even after induction therapy.
Burfeind, WR; D'Amico, TA; Toloza, EM; Wolfe, WG; Harpole, DH
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