Apolipoprotein E epsilon4 allele and outcomes of traumatic spinal cord injury.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that apolipoprotein E (APOE) polymorphisms are associated with outcomes after spinal cord injury (SCI). METHODS: Retrospective cohort study, from rehabilitation admission to discharge. PARTICIPANTS: Convenience sample of 89 persons with cervical SCI (C3-C8) treated from 1995 through 2003. Median age was 30 years (range 14-70); 67 were male (75%) and 83 were white (93%). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) motor and sensory scores, ASIA Impairment Scale (AIS), time from injury to rehabilitation admission, and length of stay (LOS) in rehabilitation. RESULTS: Subjects with an APOE epsilon4 allele (n = 15; 17%) had significantly less motor recovery during rehabilitation than did individuals without an epsilon4 allele (median 3.0 vs 5.5; P < 0.05) and a longer rehabilitation LOS (median 106 vs 89 days; P = 0.04), but better sensory-pinprick recovery (median 5.0 vs 2.0; P= 0.03). There were no significant differences by APOE epsilon4 allele status in sensory-light touch recovery, likelihood of improving AIS Grade, or time from injury to rehabilitation admission. CONCLUSIONS: APOE epsilon4 allele was associated with differences in neurological recovery and longer rehabilitation LOS. Genetic factors may be among the determinants of outcome after SCI and warrant further study.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Jha, A; Lammertse, DP; Coll, JR; Charlifue, S; Coughlin, CT; Whiteneck, GG; Worley, G

Published Date

  • 2008

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 31 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 171 - 176

PubMed ID

  • 18581664

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC2565476

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1079-0268

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1080/10790268.2008.11760708


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England