Spontaneous cervical epidural hematoma: case report and literature review.

Published

Journal Article (Review)

BACKGROUND: Spontaneously occurring epidural hematomas for which no etiology is identified are rare phenomenon. These are often neurosurgical emergencies; therefore, prompt diagnosis and treatment are paramount. Because of the rarity of this condition, we have illustrated in this recent case its presentation, evaluation and management. METHODS: A 63-year-old male presented to our emergency room with right-sided hemiparesis and contralateral hypesthesia, consistent with a C5 Brown-Séquard syndrome. An initial evaluation for cerebral infarction was unremarkable, including a negative brain magnetic resonance image. Further imaging revealed a cervical epidural hematoma of unknown etiology. RESULTS: The patient underwent emergent laminectomy for decompression and evacuation of the hematoma within 24 hours of his presentation to the emergency room. The patient's symptoms improved remarkably after surgery and a 4-month follow-up imaging evaluation revealed no recurrence of his hematoma. CONCLUSION: This report highlights the various presentations, evaluation, and management options for this rare diagnosis. It emphasizes the necessity of prompt diagnosis for possible emergent intervention.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Adamson, DC; Bulsara, K; Bronec, PR

Published Date

  • August 2004

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 62 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 156 - 159

PubMed ID

  • 15261513

Pubmed Central ID

  • 15261513

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0090-3019

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.surneu.2003.10.040

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States