Native valve endocarditis due to coagulase-negative staphylococci: report of 99 episodes from the International Collaboration on Endocarditis Merged Database.
Using a large cohort of patients from the International Collaboration on Endocarditis Merged Database, we compared coagulase-negative staphylococcal (CoNS) native-valve endocarditis (NVE) to NVE caused by more common pathogens. Rates of heart failure and mortality were similar between patients with CoNS NVE and patients with Staphylococcus aureus NVE, but rates for both groups were significantly higher than rates for patients with NVE due to viridans streptococci. These results emphasize the importance of CoNS as a cause of NVE and the potential for serious complications with this infection.
Chu, VH; Cabell, CH; Abrutyn, E; Corey, GR; Hoen, B; Miro, JM; Olaison, L; Stryjewski, ME; Pappas, P; Anstrom, KJ; Eykyn, S; Habib, G; Benito, N; Fowler, VG; International Collaboration on Endocarditis Merged Database Study Group,
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