A single-cycle vaccine vector based on vesicular stomatitis virus can induce immune responses comparable to those generated by a replication-competent vector.

Published

Journal Article

Live attenuated vaccine vectors based on recombinant vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) are effective in several viral disease models. In this study, we asked if a VSV vector capable of only a single cycle of replication might be an effective alternative to replication-competent VSV vectors. We compared the cellular immune responses to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) envelope protein (Env) expressed by replication-competent and single-cycle VSV vectors and also examined the antibody response to Env. The single-cycle vector was grown by complementation with VSV G protein and then tested initially for immunogenicity when given by four different routes. When given by the intramuscular route in mice, we found that the single-cycle vector was equivalent to the replication-competent VSV vector in generating high-level primary and memory CD8 T-cell responses as well as antibody responses to Env. Cellular responses were analyzed using major histocompatibility complex class I tetramers and direct measurement of cytotoxic T-lymphocyte activity in vivo. We also found that the recall responses after boosting were equivalent in animals vaccinated with replication-competent or single-cycle vectors. Additionally, we observed recall and heightened memory responses after boosting animals with a single-cycle vector complemented with G protein from a different vesiculovirus. Because expression of HIV Env by G-deleted VSV might allow replication in human cells expressing CD4, we generated a single-cycle VSV recombinant expressing a secreted form of the HIV Env protein. This virus was just as effective as the recombinant expressing the membrane-anchored Env protein at producing CD8 T cells and antibody responses.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Publicover, J; Ramsburg, E; Rose, JK

Published Date

  • November 2005

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 79 / 21

Start / End Page

  • 13231 - 13238

PubMed ID

  • 16227246

Pubmed Central ID

  • 16227246

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1098-5514

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0022-538X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1128/JVI.79.21.13231-13238.2005

Language

  • eng