Exergetic analysis of fuel cell micropowerplants fed by methanol

In the present study, a hydrogen polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC) micropowerplant in combination with a steam reformer fed by methanol and a direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC) micropowerplant are analyzed numerically regarding their exergetic efficiency. The effects of concentration and activation overpotentials, and ohmic resistance on the efficiency are considered in quasi-two-dimensional fuel cell models. The influence of significant operational parameters on the exergetic efficiency is examined numerically. Experimental results are conducted for the steam reformer. This work shows the importance of an exergy analysis of the fuel cell as part of an entire thermodynamic system generating electric power and compares PEFC and DMFC micropowerplants exergetically. © 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Hotz, N; Lee, MT; Grigoropoulos, CP; Senn, SM; Poulikakos, D

Published Date

  • 2006

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 49 / 15-16

Start / End Page

  • 2397 - 2411

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0017-9310

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2006.03.007

Citation Source

  • SciVal