Dicistronic polioviruses as expression vectors for foreign genes.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

We have made use of certain novel genetic elements of picornaviruses termed internal ribosomal entry sites (IRES) to construct a viral RNA with the following genetic order: PV 5' NTR-EMCV IRES-PV ORF-3' NTR (PV, poliovirus; NTR, nontranslated region; EMCV, encephalomyocarditis virus; ORF, open reading frame). Transfection of this RNA into HeLa cells yielded a poliovirus (W1-PNENPO) that contained two heterologous IRES elements (type 1 IRES of PV; type 2 IRES of EMCV) in tandem. The insertion of foreign coding sequences into the genome of W1-PNENPO between the IRES elements yielded viable polioviruses with the gene order PV 5' NTR-foreign ORF-EMCV IRES-PV ORF-3' NTR. The foreign ORFs we have employed in this study included the coding region for chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT), or segments of either luciferase or the HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein gp120. W1-PV/V3-3, a dicistronic poliovirus that contained HIV-1-specific sequences that included the V3 domain of gp120, was used to infect transgenic mice (PVR+) that were engineered to express the poliovirus receptor. The genetic stability of the dicistronic viruses and the HIV-1-specific immune response in PVR+ mice after infection with these novel agents are discussed.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Alexander, L; Lu, HH; Gromeier, M; Wimmer, E

Published Date

  • 1994

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 10 Suppl 2 /

Start / End Page

  • S57 - S60

PubMed ID

  • 7865334

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0889-2229

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States