Oligodendroglioma and juvenile pilocytic astrocytoma presenting as synchronous primary brain tumors. Case report with histological and molecular differentiation of the tumors and review of the literature.
Multiple metastatic brain tumors and multifocal primary brain tumors of a single histological type are well described in the literature. The concurrent presence of multiple primary brain tumors with different histological characteristics, however, is very rare. The authors describe the first known case in which an oligodendroglioma and a juvenile pilocytic astrocytoma (JPA) presented as synchronous primary brain tumors in the same patient. This 43-year-old man presented with a 2-month history of progressive headaches, nausea, and vomiting. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated an enhancing heterogeneous right medial cerebellar lesion and a larger calcified, nonenhancing, heterogeneous right frontal lesion with surrounding edema and a mass effect. The results of a metastatic workup were unremarkable. The patient underwent an initial right frontotemporal craniotomy and a subsequent suboccipital craniectomy 2 years later for resection of the posterior fossa lesion. Histological examination revealed the frontal and cerebellar lesions to be an oligodendroglioma and JPA, respectively. A molecular analysis detected a deletion of chromosome 1p36 in the oligodendroglioma, but not in the JPA. After the initial operation, the patient received follow-up care for his oligodendroglioma, but eventually required temozolomide for tumor progression. His condition remains stable both neurologically and according to imaging studies. The authors describe the first known case in which a low-grade oligodendroglioma and a JPA presented as synchronous primary brain tumors. They review the literature on multiple primary brain tumors with different histological characteristics and discuss potential mechanisms for the development of these lesions.
Kan, P; Gottfried, O; Blumenthal, DT; Townsend, JJ; Drozd-Borysiuk, E; Brothman, AR; Jensen, RL
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