Induction of cyclooxygenase-2 synthesis by ligation of the macrophage alpha(2)-macroglobulin signalling receptor.
We have studied the induction of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in macrophages consequent to ligating the alpha(2)-macroglobulin (alpha(2)M) signalling receptor (alpha(2)MSR) with receptor-recognized forms of alpha(2)M (alpha(2)M*). Macrophage stimulation with alpha(2)M* increased total cellular and nuclear COX-2 two- to threefold. The maximal increase in COX-2 occurred at a ligand concentration of 50-100 pM and after 2 h. Modulation of intracellular Ca(2+) levels or incubation of [35S] methionine-labelled macrophages with actinomycin D, prior to treatment with alpha(2)M*, markedly reduced the induction of total cellular and nuclear COX-2. Protein kinase C (PKC) or phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)) inhibition in alpha(2)M*-stimulated macrophages or inhibition of the p21(ras)-dependent mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase) signalling pathways also significantly reduced alpha(2)M*-induced total cellular and nuclear COX-2 expression. Thus, COX-2 induction is dependent on cPLA(2) activity, Ca(2+) mobilization, and PKC activity and requires participation of both the p21(ras)-dependent MAPK and PI 3-kinase signalling pathways. COX-2 activation may mediate alpha(2)M*-induced mitogenesis, which we have previously observed in this and other cell types.
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