Transcription factor TFII-I causes transcriptional upregulation of GRP78 synthesis in prostate cancer cells.
Receptor-recognized forms of alpha(2)-macroglobulin (alpha(2)M*) bind to cell surface-associated GRP78 and induce proliferative and survival signaling in prostate cancer cells. As part of the cellular response to alpha(2)M*, GRP78 expression is itself upregulated. In response to other stimuli, the transcription factor TFII-I upregulates GRP78 by binding to its gene promoter. We have, therefore, studied the role of TFII-I in transcriptional upregulation of GRP78 in 1-LN human prostate cancer cells stimulated with alpha(2)M*. This treatment caused a two- to threefold increase in TFII-I and GRP78 synthesis from [(35)S]-labeled precursor amino acids. Synthesis of both TFII-I and GRP78 were significantly reduced by silencing TFII-I gene expression or pretreatment of cells with genistein or actinomycin D. Confocal microscopy was employed to demonstrate relocation of TFII-I to the nucleus. In alpha(2)M*-stimulated cells, moreover, TFII-I bound to the GRP78 promoter as determined by CHIP assay. We also demonstrate binding of TFII-I to the c-fos promoter, consistent with its role in upregulating c-fos gene expression. In non-lymphoid cells, phosphorylated c-Src is an activator of TFII-I. Ligation of GRP78 on 1-LN cells with alpha(2)M* was followed by tyrosine phosphorylation of c-Src as well as TFII-I. We conclude that alpha(2)M*-induced increase in GRP78 synthesis is caused by transcriptional upregulation of TFII-I which binds to the GRP78 promoter and thus potentiates its cell survival and antipoptotic functions in 1-LN prostate cancer cells.
Misra, UK; Wang, F; Pizzo, SV
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