Cell surface adenosine deaminase binds and stimulates plasminogen activation on 1-LN human prostate cancer cells.
Adenosine deaminase (ADA) is expressed intracellularly by all cells, but in some tissues, it is also associated with the cell surface multifunctional glycoprotein CD26/dipeptidyl peptidase IV. By modulating extracellular adenosine, this "ecto-ADA" may regulate adenosine receptor signaling implicated in various cellular functions. CD26 is expressed on the surface of human prostate cancer 1-LN cells acting as a receptor for plasminogen (Pg). Since ADA and Pg bind to CD26 at distinct but nearby sites, we investigated a possible interaction between these two proteins on the surface of 1-LN cells. Human ADA binds to CD26 on the surface 1-LN cells and immobilized CD26 isolated from the same cells with similar affinity. In both cases, ADA binding is diminished by mutation of ADA residues known to interact with CD26. ADA was also found to bind Pg 2 in the absence of CD26 via the Pg kringle 4 (K4) domain. In the presence of 1-LN cells or immobilized CD26, exogenous ADA enhances conversion of Pg 2 to plasmin by 1-LN endogenous urinary plasminogen activator (u-PA), as well as by added tissue Pg Activator (t-PA), suggesting that ADA and Pg bind simultaneously to CD26 in a ternary complex that stimulates the Pg activation by its physiologic activators. Consistent with this, in melanoma A375 cells that bind Pg, but do not express CD26, the rate of Pg activation was not affected by ADA. Thus, ADA may be a factor regulating events in prostate cancer cells that occur when Pg binds to the cell surface and is activated.
Gonzalez-Gronow, M; Hershfield, MS; Arredondo-Vega, FX; Pizzo, SV
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