BCNU-sequestration by metallothioneins may contribute to resistance in a medulloblastoma cell line.
PURPOSE: Resistance of neoplastic cells to the alkylating drug BCNU [1,3-bis(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea] has been correlated with expression of O (6)-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase, which repairs the O (6)-chloroethylguanine produced by the drug. Other possible mechanisms of resistance include raised levels of glutathione or increased repair of the DNA interstrand cross-links formed by BCNU. Transcriptional profiling revealed the upregulation of several metallothionein (MT) genes in a BCNU-resistant medulloblastoma cell line [D341 MED (OBR)] relative to its parental line. Previous studies have shown that MTs, through their reactive thiol groups can quench nitrogen mustard-derived alkylating drugs. In this report, we evaluate whether MTs can also quench BCNU. METHODS: To demonstrate the binding of BCNU to MT, we used an assay that measured the release of the MT-bound divalent cations (Zn(2+), Cd(2+)) upon their displacement by the drug. We also measured the decomposition rates of BCNU at those reaction conditions. RESULTS: The rate of release of the cations was higher in pH 7.4 than at pH 7.0, which is likely a result of more rapid decomposition of BCNU (thus faster release of MT-binding intermediate) at pH 7.4 than at pH 7.0. CONCLUSION: We demonstrate that resistance to BCNU may be a result of elevated levels of MTs which act by sequestering the drug's decomposition product(s).
Bacolod, MD; Fehdrau, R; Johnson, SP; Bullock, NS; Bigner, DD; Colvin, M; Friedman, HS
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
Pubmed Central ID
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)