Controlled evaluation of BACTEC PLUS 27 and Roche Septi-Chek anaerobic blood culture bottles.
Becton Dickinson Diagnostic Instrument Systems (Sparks, Md.) recently introduced BACTEC high-volume aerobic and anaerobic bottles that accept up to 10 ml of blood for use on their nonradiometric blood culture instruments. Both bottles contain 25 ml of tryptic soy broth, 0.05% sodium polyanetholesulfonate, and mixed resins. We compared the anaerobic bottle, designated BACTEC PLUS 27 (BP27), with the Roche Septi-Chek (RSC) Columbia broth anaerobic bottle in a collaborative evaluation at three university hospitals. A total of 5,152 adequately filled blood cultures were obtained from adult patients with suspected bacteremia or fungemia. Staphylococcus aureus was recovered significantly more often (P less than 0.03) from BP27 bottles alone; there were no other significant differences in yield. When microorganisms were recovered from both anaerobic bottles, growth was detected earlier in BP27 than it was in RSC (P less than 0.001), especially for S. aureus (P less than 0.001) and Staphylococcus epidermidis (P less than 0.02). We conclude that the yield from BP27 bottles is equivalent to or better (S. aureus) than that from RSC anaerobic bottles with Columbia broth and that speed of detection is superior with BP27 bottles.
Wilson, ML; Harrell, LJ; Mirrett, S; Weinstein, MP; Stratton, CW; Reller, LB
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