CHST6 mutations in North American subjects with macular corneal dystrophy: a comprehensive molecular genetic review.

Published online

Journal Article

PURPOSE: To evaluate mutations in the carbohydrate sulfotransferase-6 (CHST6) gene in American subjects with macular corneal dystrophy (MCD). METHODS: We analyzed CHST6 in 57 patients from 31 families with MCD from the United States, 57 carriers (parents or children), and 27 unaffected blood relatives of affected subjects. We compared the observed nucleotide sequences with those found by numerous investigators in other populations with MCD and in controls. RESULTS: In 24 families, the corneal disorder could be explained by mutations in the coding region of CHST6 or in the region upstream of this gene in both the maternal and paternal chromosome. In most instances of MCD a homozygous or heterozygous missense mutation in exon 3 of CHST6 was found. Six cases resulted from a deletion upstream of CHST6. CONCLUSIONS: Nucleotide changes within the coding region of CHST6 are predicted to alter the encoded protein significantly within evolutionary conserved parts of the encoded sulfotransferase. Our findings support the hypothesis that CHST6 mutations are cardinal to the pathogenesis of MCD. Moreover, the observation that some cases of MCD cannot be explained by mutations in CHST6 suggests that MCD may result from other subtle changes in CHST6 or from genetic heterogeneity.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Klintworth, GK; Smith, CF; Bowling, BL

Published Date

  • March 10, 2006

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 12 /

Start / End Page

  • 159 - 176

PubMed ID

  • 16568029

Pubmed Central ID

  • 16568029

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1090-0535

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States