Evidence for the intertwined dimer of the cytochrome bc(1) complex in solution.

Journal Article

To confirm that the cytochrome bc(1) complex exists as a dimer with intertwining Rieske iron-sulfur proteins in solution, four Rhodobacter sphaeroides mutants expressing His-tagged cytochrome bc(1) complexes containing two pairs of cysteine substitutions, one in the interface between the head domain of iron-sulfur protein (ISP) and cytochrome b and the other between the tail domain of ISP and cytochrome b, were generated and characterized. They are: K70C(ISP)/A185C(cytb).P33C(ISP)/G89C(cytb), K70C(ISP)/A185C(cytb).P33C(ISP)/M92C (cytb), K70C (ISP)/A185C(cytb).L34C(ISP)/V64C(cytb), and K70C(ISP)/A185C(cytb).N36C(ISP)/G89C(cytb). The K70C(ISP)/A185C(cytb) cysteine pair cross-links the head domain of ISP and cytochrome b; the P33C(ISP)/G89C(cytb), P33C(ISP)/M92C (cytb), L34C(ISP)/V64C(cytb), and N36C(ISP)/G89C(cytb) cysteine pairs cross-link the tail domain of ISP and cytochrome b. An adduct protein with an apparent molecular mass of 128 kDa containing two cytochrome b and two ISP proteins is detected in the K70C(ISP)/A185C(cytb).P33C(ISP)/G89C(cytb) and K70C(ISP)/A185C(cytb).N36C(ISP)/G89C(cytb) mutant complexes, confirming that the bc(1) complex exists as a dimer with intertwining ISPs. The loss of activity in these two double-cysteine-pair mutant complexes was attributed to the disulfide bond between the head domain of ISP and cytochrome b and not the one between the tail domain of ISP and cytochrome b.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Xiao, K; Chandrasekaran, A; Yu, L; Yu, CA

Published Date

  • December 7, 2001

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 276 / 49

Start / End Page

  • 46125 - 46131

PubMed ID

  • 11562368

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0021-9258

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1074/jbc.M107436200

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States