Changing systems for measuring activated clotting times: impact on the clinical practice of heparin anticoagulation during cardiac surgery.

Journal Article

BACKGROUND: The activated clotting time (ACT) is a standard monitor for heparin anticoagulation during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). This study determines the effect of upgrading our ACT system on our clinical practice with regards to the conduct and safety of heparin anticoagulation during cardiopulmonary bypass. METHODS: We compared the intraoperative heparin doses required for all adult cardiac surgery patients (n=1240) and postoperative bleeding for a subset of primary aortocoronary bypass (CABG) surgery procedures (n=285) from cohorts before and after the change in ACT systems. RESULTS: The heparin dose needed to exceed our target ACT of 480 sec for the duration of CPB was higher (45000 vs. 40000 units; p<0.0001), and the mean ACT during CPB was lower (557 vs. 618 sec; p<0.05) using the new ACT system. Furthermore, this coincided with decreased postoperative bleeding in the CABG subset (median value of 417 vs. 575 ml over 12 h; p<0.0005). CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrated that the introduction of the Actalyke ACT system significantly altered our clinical practice by increasing the heparin dose required to exceed our target ACT during CPB. Prospective study to determine the effect of Actalyke ACT system monitoring on hemostasis after cardiac surgery is merited.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Patteril, M; Stafford-Smith, M; Toffaletti, JG; Bute, BP; Milano, CA; Welsby, IJ

Published Date

  • June 2005

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 356 / 1-2

Start / End Page

  • 218 - 224

PubMed ID

  • 15936321

Pubmed Central ID

  • 15936321

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0009-8981

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.cccn.2005.01.019


  • eng

Conference Location

  • Netherlands