Xenobiotic metabolism in suspensions and primary cultures of isolated hepatocytes prepared from the caudate process of bovine liver.
Isolated hepatocytes were prepared from 100- to 125-kg Holstein male calves (n = 10) by perfusion of the caudate process of the caudate lobe of the liver. The 11th or 12th rib on the right side was resected to provide exposure of the caudate process. Complete postsurgical recovery of the donor from partial lobectomy was confirmed by growth data and serum chemical and hematologic criteria. Hepatocytes were isolated under aseptic conditions, using a 2-step collagenase vascular perfusion procedure. Hepatocyte preparations averaged 85% viability, and the yield averaged 1.2 X 10(7) viable hepatocytes/g of (wet weight) liver. Morphologic characteristics of hepatocytes examined under light and scanning electron microscopy were considered normal, except for occasional surface blebs. Freshly isolated hepatocytes in suspension rapidly decreased in viability and xenobiotic metabolizing capacity (aldrin epoxidation and ethoxycoumarin 0-deethylation and 7-hydroxycoumarin glucuronidation and sulfation), and hepatocytes surviving the initial 2 to 3 hours appeared to undergo repair. As an alternative, primary monolayer cultures on collagen-coated plates were evaluated. Hepatocytes attached to the collagen surface within 4 hours and appeared flattened by 12 hours. Although metabolic activity decreased about 30% over 8 hours in culture, the pattern of ethoxycoumarin metabolites was relatively constant. It was not determined to what extent the apparent loss of metabolic capacity was caused by hepatocyte detachment from the collagen surface. Although complicated by the requirement for asepsis, primary cultures were superior to suspensions for xenobiotic metabolism studies in cattle.
Shull, LR; Kirsch, DG; Lohse, CL; Carlson, GP; Doody, LA; Wisniewski, JA
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)