Effects of ocular carteolol and timolol on plasma high-density lipoprotein cholesterol level.
Fifty-eight healthy, normolipidemic adult men participated in a prospective, masked, randomized crossover study designed to compare the effects of two topical nonselective beta-adrenergic antagonists, carteolol and timolol, on plasma high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels. Two eight-week treatment periods were separated by an eight-week drug-free period. Carteolol 1.0% or timolol 0.5% was used, one drop twice daily, in both eyes without nasolacrimal occlusion. Fresh plasma was assayed for levels of total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, and apolipoproteins A-I and B-100. With indistinguishable effects on intraocular pressure, carteolol and timolol induced different (P = .013) decrements in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels. Carteolol treatment decreased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels by 3.3% (-0.04 mmol/l) and raised the ratio of total to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels by 4.0% (0.15 unit); timolol treatment decreased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels by 8.0% (-0.10 mmol/l) and raised the ratio of total to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels by 10.0% (0.37 unit). There was no differential drug effect on the other lipid variables measured. Ocular nonselective beta-adrenergic antagonist therapy can produce clinically relevant decrements in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels in healthy men.
Freedman, SF; Freedman, NJ; Shields, MB; Lobaugh, B; Samsa, GP; Keates, EU; Ollie, A
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