Search for astrophysical neutrino point sources at super-kamiokande
It has been hypothesized that large fluxes of neutrinos may be created in astrophysical "cosmic accelerators." The primary background for a search for astrophysical neutrinos comes from atmospheric neutrinos, which do not exhibit the pointlike directional clustering that characterizes a distant astrophysical signal. We perform a search for neutrino point sources using the upward-going muon data from three phases of operation (SK-I, SK-II, and SK-III) spanning 2623 days of live time taken from 1996 April 1 to 2007 August 11. The search looks for signals from suspected galactic and extragalactic sources, transient sources, and uncataloged sources. While we find interesting signatures from two objects - RX J1713.7-3946 (97.5% CL) and GRB 991004D (95.3% CL) - these signatures lack compelling statistical significance given trial factors. We set limits on the flux and fluence of neutrino point sources above energies of 1.6 GeV. © 2009 The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Thrane, E; Abe, K; Hayato, Y; Iida, T; Ikeda, M; Kameda, J; Kobayashi, K; Koshio, Y; Miura, M; Moriyama, S; Nakahata, M; Nakayama, S; Obayashi, Y; Ogawa, H; Sekiya, H; Shiozawa, M; Suzuki, Y; Takeda, A; Takenaga, Y; Takeuchi, Y; Ueno, K; Ueshima, K; Watanabe, H; Yamada, S; Vagins, MR; Hazama, S; Higuchi, I; Ishihara, C; Kajita, T; Kaneyuki, K; Mitsuka, G; Nishino, H; Okumura, K; Tanimoto, N; Dufour, F; Kearns, E; Litos, M; Raaf, JL; Stone, JL; Sulak, LR; Goldhaber, M; Bays, K; Casper, D; Cravens, JP; Kropp, WR; Mine, S; Regis, C; Smy, MB; Sobel, HW; Ganezer, KS; Hill, J; Keig, WE; Jang, JS; Jeong, IS; Kim, JY; Lim, IT; Fechner, M; Scholberg, K; Walter, CW; Wendell, R; Tasaka, S; Learned, JG; Matsuno, S; Watanabe, Y; Hasegawa, T; Ishida, T; Ishii, T; Kobayashi, T; Nakadaira, T; Nakamura, K; Nishikawa, K; Oyama, Y; Sakashita, K; Sekiguchi, T; Tsukamoto, T; Suzuki, AT; Ichikawa, AK; Minamino, A; Nakaya, T; Yokoyama, M; Dazeley, S; Svoboda, R; Habig, A; Fukuda, Y; Itow, Y; Tanaka, T; Jung, CK; Lopez, G; McGrew, C; Yanagisawa, C; Tamura, N; Idehara, Y; Ishino, H; Kibayashi, A; Sakuda, M; Kuno, Y; Yoshida, M; Kim, SB; Yang, BS; Ishizuka, T
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