Prevalence of transcription promoters within archaeal operons and coding sequences.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Despite the knowledge of complex prokaryotic-transcription mechanisms, generalized rules, such as the simplified organization of genes into operons with well-defined promoters and terminators, have had a significant role in systems analysis of regulatory logic in both bacteria and archaea. Here, we have investigated the prevalence of alternate regulatory mechanisms through genome-wide characterization of transcript structures of approximately 64% of all genes, including putative non-coding RNAs in Halobacterium salinarum NRC-1. Our integrative analysis of transcriptome dynamics and protein-DNA interaction data sets showed widespread environment-dependent modulation of operon architectures, transcription initiation and termination inside coding sequences, and extensive overlap in 3' ends of transcripts for many convergently transcribed genes. A significant fraction of these alternate transcriptional events correlate to binding locations of 11 transcription factors and regulators (TFs) inside operons and annotated genes-events usually considered spurious or non-functional. Using experimental validation, we illustrate the prevalence of overlapping genomic signals in archaeal transcription, casting doubt on the general perception of rigid boundaries between coding sequences and regulatory elements.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Koide, T; Reiss, DJ; Bare, JC; Pang, WL; Facciotti, MT; Schmid, AK; Pan, M; Marzolf, B; Van, PT; Lo, F-Y; Pratap, A; Deutsch, EW; Peterson, A; Martin, D; Baliga, NS

Published Date

  • January 2009

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 5 /

Start / End Page

  • 285 -

PubMed ID

  • 19536208

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC2710873

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1744-4292

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1744-4292

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1038/msb.2009.42


  • eng