The search for the fungal tree of life.

Journal Article (Review;Journal Article)

The Fungi comprise a diverse kingdom of eukaryotes that are characterized by a typically filamentous but sometimes unicellular vegetative form, and heterotrophic, absorptive nutrition. Their simple morphologies and variable ecological strategies have confounded efforts to elucidate their limits, phylogenetic relationships, and diversity. Here we review progress in developing a phylogenetic classification of Fungi since Darwin's On the Origin of Species. Knowledge of phylogenetic relationships has been driven by the available characters that have ranged from morphological and ultrastructural to biochemical and genomic. With the availability of multiple gene phylogenies a well-corroborated phylogenetic classification has now begun to emerge. In the process some fungus-like heterotrophs have been shown to belong elsewhere, and several groups of enigmatic eukaryotic microbes have been added to the Fungi.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • McLaughlin, DJ; Hibbett, DS; Lutzoni, F; Spatafora, JW; Vilgalys, R

Published Date

  • November 2009

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 17 / 11

Start / End Page

  • 488 - 497

PubMed ID

  • 19782570

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1878-4380

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0966-842X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.tim.2009.08.001


  • eng