Gender Wage Disparities among the Highly Educated.


Journal Article

In the U.S. college-educated women earn approximately 30 percent less than their non-Hispanic white male counterparts. We conduct an empirical examination of this wage disparity for four groups of women-non-Hispanic white, black, Hispanic, and Asian-using the National Survey of College Graduates, a large data set that provides unusually detailed information on higher-level education. Nonparametric matching analysis indicates that among men and women who speak English at home, between 44 and 73 percent of the gender wage gaps are accounted for by such pre-market factors as highest degree and major. When we restrict attention further to women who have "high labor force attachment" (i.e., work experience that is similar to male comparables) we account for 54 to 99 percent of gender wage gaps. Our nonparametric approach differs from familiar regression-based decompositions, so for the sake of comparison we conduct parametric analyses as well. Inferences drawn from these latter decompositions can be quite misleading.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Black, DA; Haviland, A; Sanders, SG; Taylor, LJ

Published Date

  • January 2008

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 43 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 630 - 659

PubMed ID

  • 26097255

Pubmed Central ID

  • 26097255

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0022-166X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.3368/jhr.43.3.630


  • eng