A nonurban ozone air pollution episode over eastern China: Observations and model simulations
Air quality data gathered from five nonurban sites in China over a 12-month period from August 1994 to August 1995, along with meteorological observations from the same region and period, are used to identify and characterize a nonurban ozone (O3) pollution episode in China. Because of the influence of the Asian Monsoonal Circulation, high O3 concentrations were not observed at the nonurban sites during the summer months. However, enhanced O3 concentrations were observed during the other seasons, especially the fall and early winter. A more detailed inspection of the O3 data during the period from October 15, 1994, to January 15, 1995, indicated the occurrence of a multiple-day episode in late October/early November when high O3 concentrations were observed at all four monitoring sites located in eastern China. Meteorological conditions during the episode were characterized by the presence of a strong and stationary high-pressure ridge over eastern China; synoptic conditions quite similar to those observed during regional O3 pollution episodes over the United States, Canada, and Europe. An updated version of the Regional Acid Deposition Model (RADM) driven by meteorological fields derived from the Regional Climate Model (RegCM) and spatially disaggregated anthropogenic emissions prepared by the Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences is used to simulate 3 months of the observed O3 data from China. Comparisons between observations and model calculations indicate that the model is able to reproduce some of the key features of the O3 distribution and its relationship to the concentration of one primary pollutant (i.e., sulfur dioxide) provided the comparison is made using averaging times of several days or more. However, simulation of day-to-day variations in O3 at a given site was poorly correlated with observations. Model simulations suggest that peak O3 concentrations during this episode would respond to changes in NOx and VOC emissions in a spatially inhomogeneous manner. In general, rural areas in southern China tend to be NOx-limited, but rural areas in northern China tend to be VOC-limited. The Yangtze Delta region, where the highest O3 concentrations were observed and predicted to occur, was found to be transitional between VOC and NOx limitation. Copyright 2000 by the American Geophysical Union.
Luo, C; St John, JC; Xiuji, Z; Lam, KS; Wang, T; Chameides, WL
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)