The fate of atmospheric phosgene and the stratospheric chlorine loadings of its parent compounds: CCl4, C2Cl4, C2HCl3, CH3CCl3, and CHCl3


Journal Article

A study of the tropospheric and stratospheric cycles of phosgene is carried out to determine its fate and ultimate role in controlling the ozone depletion potentials of its parent compounds (CCl4, C2Cl4, CH3CCl3, CHCl3, and C2HCl3). Tropospheric phosgene is produced from the OH-initiated oxidation of C2Cl4, CH3CCl3, CHCl3, and C2HCl3. Simulations using a two-dimensional model indicate that these processes produce about 90 pptv/yr of tropospheric phosgene with an average concentration of about 18 pptv, in reasonable agreement with observations. Our results are potentially sensitive to a variety of parameters, most notably the rate of reaction of phosgene with sulfate aerosols. However, on the basis of the observed vertical distribution of COCl2, we estimate that the reaction of COCl2 with sulfate aerosol most likely has a γ<5×10-5 and, as a result, has a negligible impact on the stratospheric chlorine loadings of the phosgene parent compounds. -from Authors

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Kindler, TP; Chameides, WL; Wine, PH; Cunnold, DM; Alyea, FN; Franklin, JA

Published Date

  • January 1, 1995

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 100 / D1

Start / End Page

  • 1235 - 1251

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0148-0227

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1029/94JD02518

Citation Source

  • Scopus