Dynamic habitat models: using telemetry data to project fisheries bycatch.

Published

Journal Article

Fisheries bycatch is a recognized threat to marine megafauna. Addressing bycatch of pelagic species however is challenging owing to the dynamic nature of marine environments and vagility of these organisms. In order to assess the potential for species to overlap with fisheries, we propose applying dynamic habitat models to determine relative probabilities of species occurrence for specific oceanographic conditions. We demonstrate this approach by modelling habitats for Laysan (Phoebastria immutabilis) and black-footed albatrosses (Phoebastria nigripes) using telemetry data and relating their occurrence probabilities to observations of Hawaii-based longline fisheries in 1997-2000. We found that modelled habitat preference probabilities of black-footed albatrosses were high within some areas of the fishing range of the Hawaiian fleet and such preferences were important in explaining bycatch occurrence. Conversely, modelled habitats of Laysan albatrosses overlapped little with Hawaii-based longline fisheries and did little to explain the bycatch of this species. Estimated patterns of albatross habitat overlap with the Hawaiian fleet corresponded to bycatch observations: black-footed albatrosses were more frequently caught in this fishery despite being 10 times less abundant than Laysan albatrosses. This case study demonstrates that dynamic habitat models based on telemetry data may help to project interactions with pelagic animals relative to environmental features and that such an approach can serve as a tool to guide conservation and management decisions.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Zydelis, R; Lewison, RL; Shaffer, SA; Moore, JE; Boustany, AM; Roberts, JJ; Sims, M; Dunn, DC; Best, BD; Tremblay, Y; Kappes, MA; Halpin, PN; Costa, DP; Crowder, LB

Published Date

  • November 2011

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 278 / 1722

Start / End Page

  • 3191 - 3200

PubMed ID

  • 21429921

Pubmed Central ID

  • 21429921

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1471-2954

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0962-8452

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1098/rspb.2011.0330

Language

  • eng