Multiplexed real-time polymerase chain reaction on a digital microfluidic platform.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

This paper details the development of a digital microfluidic platform for multiplexed real-time polymerase chain reactions (PCR). Liquid samples in discrete droplet format are programmably manipulated upon an electrode array by the use of electrowetting. Rapid PCR thermocycling is performed in a closed-loop flow-through format where for each cycle the reaction droplets are cyclically transported between different temperature zones within an oil-filled cartridge. The cartridge is fabricated using low-cost printed-circuit-board technology and is intended to be a single-use disposable device. The PCR system exhibited remarkable amplification efficiency of 94.7%. To test its potential application in infectious diseases, this novel PCR system reliably detected diagnostic DNA levels of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Mycoplasma pneumoniae , and Candida albicans . Amplification of genomic DNA samples was consistently repeatable across multiple PCR loops both within and between cartridges. In addition, simultaneous real-time PCR amplification of both multiple different samples and multiple different targets on a single cartridge was demonstrated. A novel method of PCR speed optimization using variable cycle times has also been proposed and proven feasible. The versatile system includes magnetic bead handling capability, which was applied to the analysis of simulated clinical samples that were prepared from whole blood using a magnetic bead capture protocol. Other salient features of this versatile digital microfluidic PCR system are also discussed, including the configurability and scalability of microfluidic operations, instrument portability, and substrate-level integration with other pre- and post-PCR processes.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Hua, Z; Rouse, JL; Eckhardt, AE; Srinivasan, V; Pamula, VK; Schell, WA; Benton, JL; Mitchell, TG; Pollack, MG

Published Date

  • March 15, 2010

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 82 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 2310 - 2316

PubMed ID

  • 20151681

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC2859674

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1520-6882

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1021/ac902510u


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States