Patterns of fecal coliform contamination in day-care centers.

Journal Article

During a six-month period, on four separate occasions, six licensed day-care centers had cultures taken from environmental surfaces as well as the hands of children and teachers. Fecal coliforms were recovered from 64 (9.5%) of the 675 surfaces sampled. Recovery rate was not influenced by a center's socioeconomic status, time of year, or presence of children who were not toilet trained. Recovery rates did differ significantly in different areas, with the kitchen showing a relatively high recovery rate (19%), and toys and toilets showing remarkably low rates (2% and 4%). Centers with formal hand-washing procedures had lower recovery rates than those without such practices. We also demonstrated a high recovery rate from hands of staff (16%); 6% of children had positive cultures. Contamination of hands and classroom objects is a potential source for the transmission of enteric diseases for children in day-care centers. A program directed at reducing contamination would be important in preventing the spread of diarrheal illness.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Holaday, B; Pantell, R; Lewis, C; Gilliss, CL

Published Date

  • December 1990

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 7 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 224 - 228

PubMed ID

  • 2270220

Pubmed Central ID

  • 2270220

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1525-1446

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0737-1209

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/j.1525-1446.1990.tb00640.x


  • eng