Single fiber electromyography in myasthenia gravis during pregnancy.
We report the use of single fiber electromyography (SFEMG) to demonstrate changes in the physiologic abnormality of myasthenia gravis (MG) during pregnancy. A 23-year-old became pregnant 15 months after the onset of mild ocular weakness. On initial evaluation, SFEMG jitter measurements demonstrated a slight abnormality of neuromuscular transmission. There was no change in severity of clinical disease or jitter measurements until the third trimester, when she improved. Jitter measurements at that time were normal. Labor was normal and she delivered a normal male. Three days postpartum, myasthenic weakness recurred temporarily and jitter measurements showed worsening. At 16 days and 6 weeks postpartum, she had only minimal medial rectus weakness and jitter studies were normal. Three months postpartum, ocular symptoms recurred and jitter measurements were slightly abnormal. She continued to worsen, developing limb muscle and severe ocular muscle weakness at 4 months postpartum. She was treated with plasma exchange and thymectomy. Prednisone was added 2 months after thymectomy due to continued worsening and development of oropharyngeal weakness. Three years postpartum she was taking prednisone 10 mg every other day and had only slight weakness of neck flexors, and jitter studies were again normal.
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