The MG Composite: A valid and reliable outcome measure for myasthenia gravis.


Journal Article

To study the concurrent and construct validity and test-retest reliability in the practice setting of an outcome measure for myasthenia gravis (MG).Eleven centers participated in the validation study of the Myasthenia Gravis Composite (MGC) scale. Patients with MG were evaluated at 2 consecutive visits. Concurrent and construct validities of the MGC were assessed by evaluating MGC scores in the context of other MG-specific outcome measures. We used numerous potential indicators of clinical improvement to assess the sensitivity and specificity of the MGC for detecting clinical improvement. Test-retest reliability was performed on patients at the University of Virginia.A total of 175 patients with MG were enrolled at 11 sites from July 1, 2008, to January 31, 2009. A total of 151 patients were seen in follow-up. Total MGC scores showed excellent concurrent validity with other MG-specific scales. Analyses of sensitivities and specificities of the MGC revealed that a 3-point improvement in total MGC score was optimal for signifying clinical improvement. A 3-point improvement in the MGC also appears to represent a meaningful improvement to most patients, as indicated by improved 15-item myasthenia gravis quality of life scale (MG-QOL15) scores. The psychometric properties were no better for an individualized subscore made up of the 2 functional domains that the patient identified as most important to treat. The test-retest reliability coefficient of the MGC was 98%, with a lower 95% confidence interval of 97%, indicating excellent test-retest reliability.The Myasthenia Gravis Composite is a reliable and valid instrument for measuring clinical status of patients with myasthenia gravis in the practice setting and in clinical trials.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Burns, TM; Conaway, M; Sanders, DB; MG Composite and MG-QOL15 Study Group,

Published Date

  • May 2010

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 74 / 18

Start / End Page

  • 1434 - 1440

PubMed ID

  • 20439845

Pubmed Central ID

  • 20439845

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1526-632X

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0028-3878

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1212/WNL.0b013e3181dc1b1e


  • eng