Retention of soluble 99mTc-DTPA in the human lung: 24-h postdeposition.
Clearance of low-molecular-weight solutes, e.g., radiolabeled chelate diethylenetriaminepentaacetate (DTPA), across epithelial surfaces of distal airways and the lung parenchyma is a broadly used technique to assess epithelial integrity. It has been generally assumed that clearance of solute follows a simple first-order process and that DTPA clearance through the respiratory epithelium and into blood and lymphatic channels is complete within a few hours. Using gamma-camera imaging and a radiolabeled aerosol of 99mTc-labeled DTPA, we observed in eight healthy subjects lung retention of radioisotope approximately 24 h postdeposition of the 99mTc-DTPA. Residual lung retention at the 24-h end point averaged 6.0 +/- 1.8 (SD)% of the amount of radioisotope initially deposited in the lung. This suggests that for normal healthy subjects a small amount of the 99mTc radioisotope, either in a dissociated or chelated form, is nonpermeable or slowly cleared from respiratory tisssues.
Foster, WM; Stetkiewicz, PT; Freed, AN
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
Pubmed Central ID
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)