Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase is regulated on a daily basis by the circadian clock.
Circadian clocks function to govern a wide range of rhythmic activities in organisms. An integral part of rhythmicity is the daily control of target genes by the clock. Here we describe the sequence and analysis of a novel clock-controlled gene, ccg-7, showing similarity to glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH), a glycolytic enzyme widely used as a constitutive control in a variety of systems. That ccg-7 encodes GAPDH was confirmed by demonstrating that in vitro synthesized CCG-7 possesses GAPDH activity. Rhythms in both ccg-7 mRNA accumulation and CCG-7 (GAPDH) activity are observed in a clock wild-type strain where the peak in GAPDH activity lags several hours behind the peak in ccg-7 mRNA accumulation in the late night. Together with our previous observation that ccg-7 mRNA is not developmentally regulated, we show that ccg-7 is not induced by environmental stresses such as glucose or nitrogen deprivation (which also trigger development), heat shock, or osmotic stress. Thus, the finding that GAPDH is clock-regulated points to a specific role for the circadian clock in controlling aspects of general metabolism and provides evidence for circadian regulation of a gene found in most living organisms.
Shinohara, ML; Loros, JJ; Dunlap, JC
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