Intracellular osteopontin (iOPN) and immunity.

Published

Journal Article (Review)

Osteopontin (OPN) is a protein involved in various pathophysiological events. OPN has been studied as a secreted protein, but recent reports showed that OPN can be found in the cytoplasm and the nucleus. Therefore, some OPN molecules are not secreted and stay in cells. Such intracellular OPN (iOPN) has biological functions distinct from secreted OPN (sOPN). iOPN is involved in cytoskeletal rearrangement and in signal transduction pathways downstream of innate immune receptors, such as Toll-like receptors (TLRs), as an adaptor or scaffolding protein. Although sOPN and iOPN are generated from the same Opn mRNA species, biological outcomes mediated by two isoforms can be different. It would be necessary to delineate which isoform of OPN is responsible for pathophysiological events.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Inoue, M; Shinohara, ML

Published Date

  • April 2011

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 49 / 1-3

Start / End Page

  • 160 - 172

PubMed ID

  • 21136203

Pubmed Central ID

  • 21136203

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1559-0755

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s12026-010-8179-5

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States