Right ventricular dysfunction and the incidence of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator therapies.
INTRODUCTION: Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapy is well established in preventing sudden cardiac death in patients with left ventricular dysfunction. The influence of right ventricular (RV) function on ICD therapy for sudden cardiac death (SCD) is not known. METHODS: We retrospectively studied 222 patients receiving an ICD for primary prevention of SCD. Baseline clinical and echocardiographic data were gathered. RV systolic function was qualitatively assessed as normal or abnormal (described as mildly, moderately, or severely reduced). Primary endpoint was combined ICD therapy or death and secondary endpoint was ICD therapy alone. RESULTS: The mean follow-up was 940 +/- 522 days. The mean left ventricular ejection fraction was 0.23 +/- 0.07. By Kaplan-Meier analysis, RV dysfunction was predictive of combined ICD therapy or death when comparing between normal and abnormal RV function (P = 0.008) and among qualitative ranges of RV function (P = 0.012). RV dysfunction was not predictive of ICD therapy alone with either type of classification. After adjusting for clinical covariates, severe RV dysfunction was predictive of the combined endpoint of ICD therapy or death (HR 2.02, 95% CI 1.04-3.92, P = 0.037). CONCLUSION: Severe RV dysfunction appears to be an independent predictor of the combined endpoint of ICD therapy or death. RV dysfunction does not reliably predict the incidence of ICD therapy alone.
Aktas, MK; Kim, DD; McNitt, S; Huang, DT; Rosero, SZ; Hall, BW; Zareba, W; Daubert, JP
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