Meta-analysis of the effect of radiofrequency catheter ablation on left atrial size, volumes and function in patients with atrial fibrillation.
The effects of radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) on left atrial (LA) size, volumes, and function in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) are not well understood. The aim of this study was to systematically review the effects of RFCA on LA size, volumes, and function in patients with AF. Medline, the Web of Science, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and the reference lists of retrieved reports were searched for relevant studies through April 2009. Studies conducted in patients with AF were included if their primary outcomes were changes in LA size or volumes and/or function before and after RFCA. Weighted mean differences for changes in LA diameter, LA maximum volume, LA minimum volume, LA ejection fraction, and LA active emptying fraction were estimated using fixed- and random-effects meta-analyses. Seventeen relevant studies (enrolling 869 patients) among 192 identified studies were included in the final analysis. Compared to preablation values, there were significant decreases in LA diameter and LA volumes at postablation follow-up. However, compared to preablation values, there were no significant differences in LA ejection fraction and LA active emptying fraction at postablation follow-up. Decreases in LA diameter and LA volumes remained significant in those without AF recurrence but not in those with AF recurrence. LA ejection fraction and LA active emptying fraction did not decrease in patients without AF recurrence, whereas they decreased in patients with AF recurrence. In conclusion, successful RFCA in patients with AF significantly decreases LA size and volumes and does not seem to adversely affect LA function.
Jeevanantham, V; Ntim, W; Navaneethan, SD; Shah, S; Johnson, AC; Hall, B; Shah, A; Hundley, WG; Daubert, JP; Fitzgerald, D
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