L-selectin is dispensable for T regulatory cell function postallogeneic bone marrow transplantation.
In murine models, the adoptive transfer of CD4(+) /CD25(+) regulatory T cells (T(regs) ) inhibited graft-versus-host disease (GvHD). Previous work has indicated a critical role for the adhesion molecule L-selectin (CD62L) in the function of T(regs) in preventing GvHD. Here we examined the capacity of naive wild-type (WT), CD62L(-/-) and ex vivo expanded CD62L(Lo) T(regs) to inhibit acute GvHD. Surprisingly, we found that CD62L(-/-) T(regs) were potent suppressors of GvHD, whereas CD62L(Lo) T(regs) were unable to inhibit disease despite being functionally competent to suppress allo T cell responses in vitro. Concomitant with improved outcomes, WT and CD62L(-/-) T(regs) significantly reduced liver pathology and systemic pro-inflammatory cytokine production, although CD62L(-/-) T(regs) were less effective in reducing lung pathology. While accumulation of CD62L(-/-) T(regs) in GvHD target organs was equivalent to WT T(regs) , CD62L(-/-) T(regs) did not migrate as well as WT T(regs) to peripheral lymph nodes (PLNs) over the first 2 weeks posttransplantation. This work demonstrated that CD62L was dispensable for T(reg) -mediated protection from GvHD.
Carlson, MJ; Fulton, LM; Coghill, JM; West, ML; Burgents, JE; Wan, Y; Panoskaltsis-Mortari, A; Tedder, TF; Blazar, BR; Serody, JS
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