Short stature, growth hormone deficiency, and social anxiety.

Journal Article (Journal Article)


We have reported high rates of social phobia in growth hormone-deficient (GHD) adults who had been treated with growth hormone during childhood. This follow-up study was conducted to determine whether the increased social phobia observed in GHD subjects was secondary to the effects of short stature.


Twenty-one age- and sex-matched non-GHD short adults were evaluated for social anxiety and compared with the previously studied 21 GHD subjects.


Thirty-eight percent (8 of 21) of GHD and 10% (2 of 21) of short subjects met DSM-III-R criteria for social phobia. GHD subjected scored significantly higher than short subjects on the following self-report questionnaires: Fear of Negative Evaluation (p = .03), Fear Questionnaire (p = .01), Social Avoidance and Distress Scale (p = .01), Beck Depression Inventory (p = .007), and the Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire-harm avoidance subscale (p = .0004).


These data suggest that the high prevalence of social phobia in GHD adults is not explained by short stature alone.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Nicholas, LM; Tancer, ME; Silva, SG; Underwood, LE; Stabler, B

Published Date

  • July 1997

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 59 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 372 - 375

PubMed ID

  • 9251156

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1534-7796

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0033-3174

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1097/00006842-199707000-00006


  • eng