Cryptococcus neoformans histone acetyltransferase Gcn5 regulates fungal adaptation to the host.

Published

Journal Article

Cryptococcus neoformans is an environmental fungus and an opportunistic human pathogen. Previous studies have demonstrated major alterations in its transcriptional profile as this microorganism enters the hostile environment of the human host. To assess the role of chromatin remodeling in host-induced transcriptional responses, we identified the C. neoformans Gcn5 histone acetyltransferase and demonstrated its function by complementation studies of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The C. neoformans gcn5Delta mutant strain has defects in high-temperature growth and capsule attachment to the cell surface, in addition to increased sensitivity to FK506 and oxidative stress. Treatment of wild-type cells with the histone acetyltransferase inhibitor garcinol mimics cellular effects of the gcn5Delta mutation. Gcn5 regulates the expression of many genes that are important in responding to the specific environmental conditions encountered by C. neoformans inside the host. Accordingly, the gcn5Delta mutant is avirulent in animal models of cryptococcosis. Our study demonstrates the importance of chromatin remodeling by the conserved histone acetyltransferase Gcn5 in regulating the expression of specific genes that allow C. neoformans to respond appropriately to the human host.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • O'Meara, TR; Hay, C; Price, MS; Giles, S; Alspaugh, JA

Published Date

  • August 2010

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 9 / 8

Start / End Page

  • 1193 - 1202

PubMed ID

  • 20581290

Pubmed Central ID

  • 20581290

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1535-9786

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1128/EC.00098-10

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States