SIRT1 protects against microglia-dependent amyloid-beta toxicity through inhibiting NF-kappaB signaling.

Published

Journal Article

Accumulating evidence suggests that neurodegeneration induced by pathogenic proteins depends on contributions from surrounding glia. Here we demonstrate that NF-kappaB signaling in microglia is critically involved in neuronal death induced by amyloid-beta (Abeta) peptides, which are widely presumed to cause Alzheimer disease. Constitutive inhibition of NF-kappaB signaling in microglia by expression of the nondegradable IkappaBalpha superrepressor blocked neurotoxicity, indicating a pivotal role for microglial NF-kappaB signaling in mediating Abeta toxicity. Stimulation of microglia with Abeta increased acetylation of RelA/p65 at lysine 310, which regulates the NF-kappaB pathway. Overexpression of SIRT1 deacetylase and the addition of the SIRT1 agonist resveratrol markedly reduced NF-kappaB signaling stimulated by Abeta and had strong neuroprotective effects. Our results support a glial loop hypothesis by demonstrating a critical role for microglial NF-kappaB signaling in Abeta-dependent neurodegeneration. They also implicate SIRT1 in this pathway and highlight the therapeutic potential of resveratrol and other sirtuin-activating compounds in Alzheimer disease.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Chen, J; Zhou, Y; Mueller-Steiner, S; Chen, L-F; Kwon, H; Yi, S; Mucke, L; Gan, L

Published Date

  • December 2005

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 280 / 48

Start / End Page

  • 40364 - 40374

PubMed ID

  • 16183991

Pubmed Central ID

  • 16183991

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1083-351X

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0021-9258

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1074/jbc.m509329200

Language

  • eng