A research for the relationship between human papillomavirus and human uterine cervical carcinoma. II. Molecular genetic and ultrastructural study on the transforming activity of recombinant retrovirus containing human papillomavirus type 16 subgenomic sequences.
In order to elucidate the role of HPV-16 in the development of genital cancer, NIH3T3 cells were transfected by HPV-16 whole genome and its two early genes, E6-E7. Besides ordinary calcium phosphate/DNA coprecipitation technique, a newly designed recombinant retrovirus containing the HPV-16 genome or subgenomes was used to infect cells for transfer of the target genes. The transforming activities have been demonstrated to be most efficient when a bioengineering technique of this kind is used. HPV-16 DNA was proved to have transforming potential for NIH3T3 cells, and the DNA of HPV-16 was proved to undergo multisite integration into transformed cells and nude mice tumour cells. The E6-E7 open reading frames are sufficient for transforming NIH3T3 cells independently in vitro, which implies that E6-E7 open reading frames are transforming genes or even viral oncogenes of HPV-16. The RNA transcribed by the E6-E7 of HPV-16 was expressed in transformed cells and in tumour cells of nude mice. The use of a recombinant retrovirus for gene transfer in this study is much more efficient than that of calcium phosphate/DNA coprecipitation. The lack of a tissue-culture system suitable for HPV replication in vitro makes HPV gene recombination into a specially engineered retrovirus for viral-mediated gene transfer of particular significance for the possible application of viral carcinogenesis, both in vitro and in vivo, for basic and clinical research.
Si, JY; Lee, K; Zhang, W; Han, RC; Song, GX; Chen, LF; Zhao, WM; Jia, LP; Liu, S; Mai, YY
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