Expression of a highly conserved anti-DNA idiotype in normal and autoimmune mice.
The specificity and idiotypic relationships of a monoclonal anti-DNA antibody were investigated to evaluate genetic control in this autoantibody response. 6/0 is an IgG2a monoclonal anti-DNA derived by the fusion of spleen cells from an autoimmune MRL-lpr/lpr mouse and the cell line NS1. By an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for anti-DNA, 6/0 demonstrated preference for single-stranded DNA and bound deoxyribo- and ribohomopolymers of dissimilar base composition. The control of 6/0 expression was evaluated by idiotypic analysis using a rabbit anti-6/0 antiserum made specific by absorption with the BALB/c myelomas UPC 10 (IgG2a) and MOPC 21 (IgG1). The resulting preparation was fractionated by BALB/c IgG affinity columns to provide antibodies to idiotypic determinants essentially unique to 6/0 and those commonly expressed in sera. The commonly expressed 6/0 idiotype was found in sera of ten inbred strains of mice and was not exclusive to the autoimmune strains. MRL-lpr/lpr and A/J strain mice displayed idiotype levels almost fivefold greater than other strains, with 6/0 idiotype-bearing antibodies having serum concentrations as high as 1 mg/ml. Levels of the 6/0 idiotype, however, did not correlate with anti-DNA levels among the various strains. In addition to mice, the majority of individuals of three inbred rat strains showed detectable 6/0 idiotype in their sera. These results suggest that the 6/0 idiotype, although identified using a monoclonal anti-DNA antibody, represents a framework determinant that is phylogenetically conserved. The mechanisms for the expression of this determinant may differ among the normal and autoimmune strains.
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