Interleukin-2 receptor levels in the sera of rheumatoid arthritis patients treated with methotrexate.

Journal Article (Clinical Trial;Journal Article)

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of the level of soluble serum interleukin-2 receptor (sIL-2R) with disease activity and response to therapy in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: The sIL-2R levels of 148 patients with refractory RA were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. This parameter was correlated with other clinical observations obtained during a prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled trial of methotrexate, sponsored by the Cooperative Systematic Studies of Rheumatic Diseases consortium. Using statistical modeling, the usefulness of sIL-2R as a measure of disease activity and a predictor of outcome was evaluated. RESULTS: The mean sIL-2R level in all RA patients was markedly elevated compared with that in normal control subjects, and decreased significantly during the trial. There was no correlation of the sIL-2R level and the joint pain/tenderness count either at study entry or study end. There was a significant correlation of the sIL-2R level and the erythrocyte sedimentation rate, both at study entry and study end. A multiple linear regression model showed that treatment with methotrexate, but not the sIL-2R level or the change in sIL-2R level, predicted a change in joint count. A stepwise multiple logistic regression model defined no significant predictive information for outcome for the level of sIL-2R at study entry. CONCLUSION: After controlling for the simultaneous effects of other important clinical variables, the level of sIL-2R does not appear to predict the response to methotrexate in patients with refractory RA. Further analysis of cohorts of patients with earlier RA needs to be performed.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Polisson, RP; Dooley, MA; Dawson, DV; Pisetsky, DS

Published Date

  • January 1994

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 37 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 50 - 56

PubMed ID

  • 8129764

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0004-3591

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/art.1780370108


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States